English Bulldog Breed Standards

The goals and purposes of this breed standard include: to furnish guidelines for breeders who wish to maintain the quality of their breed and to improve it; to advance this breed to a state of similarity throughout the world; and to act as a guide for judges.

Breeders and judges have the responsibility to avoid any conditions or exaggerations that are detrimental to the health, welfare, essence and soundness of this breed, and must take the responsibility to see that these are not perpetuated.

Any departure from the following should be considered a fault, and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

After bull-baiting was banned by the English Parliament in 1835, the English Bulldog eventually developed into a shorter-legged, thicker, companion version of its working predecessors.

Bulldogs that are made to be massive, with excessive nose  wrinkle,  and  muzzles  of  insufficient  length,  are unfit for an active, healthy lifestyle. For this reason, English Bulldogs of moderation are preferred..

HISTORY

The English Bulldog of today would not be recognized by fanciers of the earliest dogs of the breed. Those early dogs had a specific use, that of bull holding, which was a legitimate part of the butcher’s business. Unfortunately, this also developed into the grisly sport of bull baiting, and they were also pitted against other animals, as well as their own kind. When these “sports” were outlawed in Britain, the breed’s function essentially ceased. The Bulldog eventually developed into a shorter, squattier version of its progenitors, as that is what was preferred in the show ring. Regardless, the Bulldog has endeared itself  to  many  because  of  its  loving,  gentle temperament.

The English Bulldog was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1935

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

The ideal English Bulldog is a medium size, short coated dog with a thick body that is wide and heavy in the shoulders and lighter in the hindquarters. When viewed from above, outline should be a pear shape.

He is powerful and compact, with a head that is fairly large, short and broad in proportion to the size of the dog. General appearance, coupled with attitude, suggests great stability, vigor and strength. The dog appears fit and capable of great athleticism.

When comparing both sexes, due consideration is to be given to females as they do not bear the breed characteristics to the same degree as the males.

All points of the standard are well distributed and bear good relation one to the other. No feature is so prominent or so lacking that it makes the animal appear deformed or out of proportion, nor should excess, in any part, negatively interfere with the breed’s natural gait.

Disqualifications: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid

 

CHARACTERISTICS

The English Bulldog has an equable and kind disposition;

and is resolute and courageous. The characteristic demeanor is one of peace and dignity. These attributes are evident in the expression and behavior of the breed.

Disqualifications: Viciousness or extreme shyness

HEAD

When viewed from the front, the head is  broad and square.   In   profile,   the   head   appears   high   and moderately short from the occiput to the point of the nose. The forehead is flat, never rounded or domed; and never too prominent nor overhanging the face.

The well-defined temples (frontal bones) are broad, square and high, causing a deep furrow that extends from the stop to the middle of the skull. The stop is a deep, wide indentation between the eyes. The well- rounded   cheeks   protrude   sideways   and   outward beyond the eyes.

  • SKULL – The skull is relatively large in circumference, and appears high from the corner of the lower jaw to the apex of the skull
  • MUZZLE – The relatively short face is measured from the front  of  the  cheekbone  to  the  tip  of  the  nose.  The muzzle is turned slightly upward and is very deep from the corner of the eye to the corner of the mouth.The distance from the bottom of the stop (between the eyes) to the tip of the nose should not be less than the distance measured from the tip of the nose to the edge of the under lip.The jaws are broad and very square. Jaws should not be wry.

    The thick, broad, pendant flews, referred to as the “chops”, are very deep. They completely overhang the lower jaw at each side. In front, they join the under lip, covering the teeth, which are not noticeable when the mouth is closed.

    Serious Fault: Wry mouth.

  • TEETH – A full complement of large, strong, white teeth meet in an undershot bite. The canines are wide apart; and the incisors are in an even, level row.Eliminating Faults: Teeth or tongue showing when the mouth is closed.
  • EYES – The very dark eyes are quite round and moderate in size; never being sunken nor bulging. When the dog is looking directly forward, the lids cover the white of the eyeball. There is no haw showing.Viewed from the front, the eyes are situated low down in the skull well away from the ears. They are set in the front of the head and are wide apart but with their  outer  corners  within  the  outline  of  the  cheek, when viewed from the front. The eyes and the stop are set in the same straight line. Eyes are free from entropinism,  cherry  eye,  and  excessive  amounts  of loose skin. No white is showing while the dog is looking straight ahead.Serious  Faults:  Visible  haw.  Whites  of  eyes  showing while dog is looking straight ahead.
  • NOSE – The nose is large, broad and black in color. Its tip is set back deeply between the eyes. The wide, large nostrils are open. Nose roll does not protrude over the nostrils, constricting breathing.Very Serious Fault: Any nose color other than black in adult dogs.Eliminating Faults: Pinched nostrils. Over-nose roll, even if broken, that covers any part of the nose.
  • EARS – The small, thin, “rose” ears are set high on the head. The front inner edge of each ear joins the outline of the skull at the top back corner of the skull, placing them wide apart and well away from the eyes.Very Serious Faults: Erect ears; prick ears; button ears; cropped ears.
  • NECKThe short, thick neck is deep, strong, and well-arched. The   skin   is  moderately   loose,   thick   and  wrinkled, forming a dewlap on each side from the lower jaw to the chest.
  • FOREQUARTERSThe shoulders are very broad and muscular. They are widespread providing stability and great power. FORELEGS – The fairly short, stout forelegs are straight and  muscular.  They   are  set  wide  apart.   The  legs themselves are not curved or bandy. The low elbows allow free movement of front assembly. Pasterns are short, straight and strong.
  • BODYThe body is moderately short and well knit, with stout limbs, well-muscled, and in hard condition, with no tendency toward obesity. The brisket and body are very capacious, and the chest is very deep and well let down between  the  front  legs.  Forechest  is  prominent.  The body is well ribbed up behind the forelegs, and the ribs are well rounded. The back is short and strong, wide behind  the  shoulders  and  comparatively  narrower  at the loin. The topline is a distinguishing characteristic of this breed. There is a slight fall off behind the shoulders to the beginning of the back, which is the lowest part of the  entire  topline.  It  then  rises  to  the  loin,  which is higher than the shoulders. The croup then curves downward to the set on of the tail, creating the arch that is distinctive to the breed. The belly is tucked up. When viewed from above, the English Bulldog’s outline should resemble a pear shape.
  • FEETThe compact, thick feet are moderate in size. The toes are well split up and have high knuckles. The front and rear feet may point straight ahead or slightly outward. Flat feet or splayed toes should be penalized.Serious Faults: Flat feet. Splayed toes
  • TAILThe short tail is set low, and has a thick root, a decided downward carriage and a fine tip. It may be straight or “screwed,” but never curved or curly. A straight tail is cylindrical  and  is tapered uniformly.  A  screw  tail has well-defined bends or kinks that may be abrupt or even knotty, but no portion of the tail may be elevated above the base or root. Absent, inverted or extremely tight tails should be heavily penalized.Serious Faults: No tail. Inverted tail. Tight tail.
  • SKINThe skin is soft and fairly loose, especially at the head, neck and shoulders.WRINKLES & DEWLAP – The head and face may  display some wrinkles. There should be two folds forming the dewlap at the throat, from the lower jaw to the chest.

    Eliminating  Faults:  Nose  roll  overhanging  or  partially covering the nose.

  • COATThe  short,  straight  coat  lies  flat  and  close,  and  is smooth, glossy and of a fine texture. There are no fringes, feathers or curls.
  • COLORCoat color is uniform, pure, and brilliant. The various breed typical colors are to be preferred in the following order:1) Red brindle;

    2) All other brindles;

    (Note: to be considered perfect, brindles are to have a fine, even, and equal distribution of the composite colors.)

    3) Solid white;

    4) Solid red, fawn, or yellow;

    5) Piebald;

    6)  Inferior  specimens  of  all  the  foregoing.  (Note:  a perfect piebald is preferable to a muddy brindle or a defective solid color. Solid black and black and tan are very  undesirable, but black is not so objectionable if occurring, to a moderate degree, in piebald patches.) Note: A small white patch on the chest is acceptable in brindles   and   solid-colored   dogs.   Color   patches   on piebalds are expected to be well-defined, of pure color, and symmetrically distributed.

    Disqualification: Albinism.

  • WEIGHTDogs  are  to  be  fit  and  without  excess  weight.  The weight range for mature males is from 50 to 55 pounds. The weight range for mature females is from 45 to 50 pounds.Serious Faults: Males over 55 pounds; females over 50 pounds.

GAIT

Movement and carriage are distinctive to the breed. There is a characteristic roll to the gait, which allows effortless movement without the pounding of the front assembly on the floor, or having the rear assembly so turned  in  or  out  as  to  cause  cow-hocked or  spread- hocked rear movement. Movement is somewhat constrained, moving with short, quick steps on the tips of the toes. The rear feet appear to skim the ground; they  should  not  be  lifted  high.  They  always  appear sound and efficient while in motion.

 

ELIMINATING FAULTS

Teeth or tongue showing when the mouth is closed. Pinched nostrils.

Over-nose wrinkle, even if broken, that covers any part of the nose.

This Articles are taken from Official UKC website the sole purpose of this post is to educate the future breeder owner of English Bulldog, Breed Standard are guideline for us to protect the breed we love so if you love your Dog please take time to read and educate regading the English Bulldog Standard..    UKC English Bulldog Standard

Author: ghin

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